Title J. Le Bideau tyrimai: naujas požiūris į Lietuvos ir Lenkijos santykius tarpukariu iš Šiaurės Afrikos
Translation of Title J. Le Bideau’s research: a new perspective on the interwar Lithuanian – Polish relations from North Africa
Authors Gumuliauskas, Arūnas
Full Text Download
Is Part of Acta humanitarica universitatis Saulensis: Regionas: laikas, erdvė, žmonės. Šiauliai : VšĮ Šiaulių universiteto leidykla. 2012, t. 14, p. 246-260. ISSN 1822-7309
Keywords [eng] J. Le Bideau ; Lithuanian – Polish relations ; conference of the ambassadors ; interwar period ; Vilnius region ; demarcation line ; population census ; Riga peace treaty
Abstract [eng] Since the mid-nineteenth century the political, economic and cultural influence of France on the development of Algeria was especially significant. The University of Algiers became a regional centre for French science and culture, where the research on law and political history was influenced by the official policy of Paris. That tendency is also reflected in the dissertation of J. Le Bideau. He viewed the problem of Lithuanian historical capital’s belonging through the prism of demographics and the native language of the local inhabitants. The dissertation refers to the authoritative French scholars of the time. However, even during the 1930s part of French political elite and intellectuals were still sceptical towards the restoration of Lithuania’s independence. In dealing with the question of inhabitants’ mother tongue, J. Le Biddeau expresses quite strong opinion that Polish language was the most widespread in the territory in question, and that the city of Vilnius, which had been Lithuania’s capital earlier, now became one of Poland’s major university towns. He completely agreed with the content of the Ambassador Conference’s (March 15, 1923) verdict “Concerning the eastern borders of Poland” and even maintained that the breach of the Suwalki treaty and the aggression of L. Zeligowski was the optimal solution to the stalemate in the conflict between the two neighbouring countries. However, in the end of the 19th century the people of Polish nationality did not constitute the majority of inhabitants neither in the Vilnius county, nor in the Trakai or Švenčionys counties. Thus, it may be assumed that after the military invasion of L. Zeligowski, local Belarusians and Russians might have changed their nationality for various reasons. The major towns of Lithuania at the end of 19th century were linguistically more Jewish than Polish. However, language alone could not determine a person’s ethnic belonging. [...]
Published Šiauliai : VšĮ Šiaulių universiteto leidykla
Type Article
Language Lithuanian
Publication date 2012